The Bible also makes many references to Greek culture and religion, especially in the book of Acts, which was written by the physician Luke: describing events that occurred during the Apostle Paul’s visit to Athens in 50 C.E.
The Greek language is one of the ancient languages that, together with Hebrew, form the basis of the English translation of the Bible. At the time of Jesus, although the Romans were in power, the most common language in the ancient world was Greek and so the New Testament was written and preserved in the Greek language. In the Hebrew language, the word Greece was known as Javan; he was a grandson of Noah who was saved from the flood by the hand of God. The Bible records that from Javan and his descendants ‘were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.’ (Genesis 10.5) From Javan came the Greek nation, in the Hebrew bene-hayyevanim meaning the sons of the Javanim.